Year

World Event

Year

Ballet Event

1452-1519
Leonardo da Vinchi
1492
Columbus, Italian Explorer, sails to the Americas for Spain.
1500-1600
Italian dance troupes perform at public festivities in Turkey during this century.
1519
Catherine de' Medici born Florence, Italy
1533
Catherine de Medici married King Henry II of France
1533
Ballet (a guy thing) comes to France from Italy with Catherine de Medici
1576-1578
Martin Frobisher explores northeast Canada
1577-1580
Sir Francis Drake, 1st English to sail around the world.
1581
Catherine De Medici pleases son by requesting 1st ballet presentation Le Ballet Comique de la Reine, The Comic Ballet of the Queen,
1587
Virginia Dare born in Roanoke Colony now North Carolina USA ( Colony disappeared & known as the Lost Virginia Dare Colony)
1588
Spanish Armada attacked England but repelled by British Ships, many of whom belonged to English Merchants & Privateers.
1588
"Orchesography," pubished compiling all dances in France,
1604
French claim America from about what is now Pennsylvania USA into Canada
1607
English Colony, Jamestown, founded, now in Virginia USA
1607-1609
English Popham Colony now in Maine USA  established and deserted
1620
English Plymouth Colony founded now in Massachusetts USA
1629
Massachusetts Bay Colony founded now Mass. USA
1636
Harvard University founded in Cambridge (Boston Mass. USA)
1659-1661
Massachusetts Bay Colony persecution of Quakers
1661
Louis XIV of France establishes
Royal Acad. Music & Dance.
Pierre Beauchamp
creates the 5 ballet positions
1680-1720
Golden Age of Piracy, Capt. Kidd (1645-1701); Blackbeard the Pirate (1680-1718) roamed the seas until executed.
1681
First women permitted to perform in ballets, France.
1692
Salem Witch Hunt, Massachusetts, USA
1700
Industrial Revolution begins
1703-1713
Queen Anne's War
1727
Jean-Georges Noverre born April 29th in Paris.  His birthday now observed as International Dance Day. He was a French Dancer & Ballet Master; 1st to choreograph a ballet that tells a story.
1738
Jean Baptiste Lande (French) starts ballet in St. Petersburg Russia
abt. 1743
Jean-Georges Noverre begins performing professionally.
1754-1763
French Indian War in New England's Interior
1754-1758
Noverre creates ballets in France: 1754: Les Fêtes Chinoises & La Fontaine de jouvence (Paris);  1757: La Toilette de Vénus (Lyon);  1758: L’Impromptu du sentiment & La Mort d'Ajax (Lyon) 1758-60: Noverre publishes book
1761-1764
Noverre creates ballets in Stuttgart, Germany: 1761: Alceste; 1762: La Mort d’Hercule & Psyché et l’Amour; 1763: Jason et Médée; 1764: Hypermnestre.
1767
Didelot born Stockholm, Sweden. Charles-Louis Didelot (1767-1837) studied dance with father at the Royal Theatre, then Paris and Bordeaux, later studied with Noverre and Vertris. Didelot made his debut in London dancing for Noverre.
1773
Moscow Orphanage starts ballet classes
1773
"Boston Tea Party" a protest in Mass. against English taxes.
1770-1774
Noverre ballets created in Wien/Vienna, Austria: 1770: Diane et Endymion;  1771: Le Judgement de Pâris, Roger et Bradamante;  1772: Agamemnon vengé, Iphigénie en Tauride; & Thésée; 1773: Acis et Galathée,  Adèle de Ponthieu & Alexandre et Campaspe de Larisse;  1774: Les Horaces et les Curiaces.
1775
Noverre creates ballets in Italy:Renaud et Armide (Milan) & appointed master des ballets of the Paris Opera at request of Queen Marie Antoinette.
1776
American Revolution
1776
Moscow Orphanage evolves into Moscow Ballet (Bolshoi)
1787
US Constitution approved.  Farmers Rebellion erupts in Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays an American Rev. War Capt.
1789- 1799
The French Revolution.
1792: France proclaimed a Republic
1793: French King Louis XVI executed
1788-1795
Noverre creates ballets in London England: 1788: L’Amour et Psyché, La Fête de Tempé;  1789: Admète; 1794: La Bergère des Alpes, La Vittoria;  1795: Windsor Castle.
1803
USA's Louisiana Purchase from France
1801
Didelot becomes ballet master in St. Petersburg,reorganizing teaching methods
1805-1806
Lewis and Clark arrives Seaside Oregon and boils salt water.  Returns to tell the east, there is no Northwest Passage.
1811
John Jacob Astor sends fur trappers to Oregon coast, establishes Fort Astoria
1811
Didelot returns to Paris
1812
War of 1812 between USA and Britian
1816
Didelot returns to Russia & continues reforms.
1813-1818
Fort Astoria, (Oregon) under British Control
1818
Marius Petipa born France
Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa (11 Mar 1818 –  July] 1910) French ballet dancer, teacher and choreographer.  Many of his works are the Classic Ballets of today including Le Corsaire, Giselle, La Esmeralda, Coppelia, La Fille Mal Gardee (with Lev Ivanov), & Swan Lake (with Lev Ivanov).
1832
La Sylphide 1st performed, France
1836
1st wagon train organized in Independence, Missouri to travel the Oregon Trail.
1837
1839
Didelot dies after doing a lot
Petipa tours North America, then dances in Paris
1841
Giselle 1st performed, Paris, with choreography by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot
1845
Petipa studies Spanish Dance, Madrid
1847
Petipa arrives St. Petersbury Russia
1849
1859
California Gold Rush
Oregon becomes a State
1850
Cecchetti born Rome, Italy
Enrico Cecchetti (1850-1928) ballet dancer, mime, & renown teacher, was son of 2 dancers & born in costuming room Teatro Tordinona. 
1861-1865
USA Civil War
1860
Maryinsky Theatre, opens
Cameras come into use toward end of Civil War
1869
Don Quixote Ballet debut by the Imperial Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow, Russia, in 4 acts & 8 scenes, choreographed by Marius Petipa, music by Ludwig Minkus.  Then expanded to 5 acts & 11 scenes for the Imperial Ballet Theatre of Moscow.
1872
Diaghilev born Russia
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (1872 – 1929), “Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario & founder of the Ballets Russes,” a company that spread ballet across the world. 
1875
Vera Trefilova born in Vladikavkaz, Russia
1877
Swan Lake premiere
titled "The Lake of The Swans” at Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow original choreographer Julius Reisinger.  It was a flop.
1880
Maryinsky Theatre, St. Petersburg, Russia, incorporates ballet into performances.
1881
Anna Pavlova born St. Petersburg,
1885
Tamara Karsavina born St. Petersburg
1887
Cecchetti becomes instructor Imperial Ballet St. Petersburg, after a career of dancing in Europe
1889
Sergei Dare, born Illinois, USA
1890s
USA folks celebrate good times
1890
Vaslov Nijinski born Russia
Sleeping Beauty Ballet premiere at Mariinsky Theatre, choreographer: Marius Petipa.
1891
Bronislava Nijinska born Russia
Pavlova joins Imperial Theatre
1892
Nutcracker, choreographed by Marius Petipa at Imperial Theatre Russia
1893
1st automobile manufacturing company founded in USA the Duryea Motor Wagon Co
1894
Vera Trefilova joins Maryinsky Theatre
1895
Swan Lake revived for Imperial Ballet at Maryinsky Theatre; re-choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivano. Tchaikovsky’s score was revised by Imperial Theatre's chief conductor/composer Riccardo Drigo.
1898
Ninelle de Valois “the godmother of English ballet.” born Ireland Dame Valois, (1898-2001) dancer, teacher, choreographer, director
1900-1916
V.Nijinsky Era
1900
Elinova Linden born Norway
Don Quixote Ballet re-staged  by Alexander Gorsky for Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow & in 1902 for Imperial Ballet St. Petersburg. Today's performances based on this Gorsky version.
1901
Vera Trefilova promoted to soloist Maryinsky Theatre
1903
Petipa retires from Imperial Theatre, age 84
1904
George Balanchine born Russia
Anton Dolin born England,
1906
Pavlova prima ballerina  Imperial Theatre
Vera Trefilova prima ballerina
Maryinsky Theatre
1908
Elinova Linden immigrates to USA with mother
1909
Diaghilev Era begins
Pavlova joins Diaghilev Company
1910
Petipa dies St. Petersburg
Cecchetti becomes Ballet Russe instructor
Vera Trefilova resigns Maryinsky Theatre
 Alicia Markova, born in London
1911
Pavlova joins Diaghilev Company
Maria (Boehme) Dare born Portland OR
1914-1918
World War I
Many dancers displaced by War
1916
V. Nijinsky in prison during war.
Balanchine, age 12 appears in corps for Don Quixote at Maryinsky Theatre
Adolf Bolm arrives USA
1917
Russian Revolution
1917
Vera Trefilova left Russia opening dance school in Paris
 George Zoritch, born Moscow
 Micheal Somes, born in England
1920-1929
Roaring 20's in USA. Charleston becomes the rage. Hindu dance sweeps America tho it may look more like Rudi Vally than something from India
1919
Dame Margot Fonteyn de Arias, born, Surrey, UK
1921
Cecchetti dances in Sleeping Princess on his 50th anniversary as a dancer.
Anton Dolin joins Diaghilev school
Sergei Dare marries Elinova Linden
1923-1926
Ninelle de Valois dances wi Diaghilev Co.
Oct. 1929
USA Stock Market Crash
1929
Diaghilev dies Venice
Thamar Karsavina Dance Sch, London offers Ballet, Toe, & Character
Vera Trefilova Dance Sch, Paris, offers Classic Ballet, Toe, & Character
Elinova Linden returns to New York from dance study in France
Lindendare Sch, Portland OR does show
1930
The Great Depression begins
1930
Anton Dolin tours USA with International Review

1931
Anna Pavlova dies while on tour in The Hague, Netherlands.
Alexandra Danilova 1st time to America
Valois teams with Baylis puts company of 6 dancers on Sadler's Wells Theatre stage England (evolves into Royal Ballet)
1932
"New Deal" begins USA economic recovery
1932
Alicia Markova joins Vic Wells Ballet England
1933
Balanchine comes to New York, starts Ballet Society that becomes New York City Ballet
Maria Boehme (Dare) & Marcelle Renoux study & perform with Lindendare Dance Sch Portland OR
1934-1939
Sergie Dare teaches in Denver CO as Sergei Volinoff.  Guest artists & instructors included Mme. Elinova Linden and Maria Boehme
1935
Anton Dolin & Alicia Markova start Markova-Dolin Co. touring England
Frederic Ashton joins company that becomes Royal Ballet, England
George Zoritch joins the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo
1939-1945
World War II
1939
Rudolf Nureyev born Irkutsk, Siberia
Anton Dolin becomes premier danseur Covent Gardens Russian Ballet; after July appearance in Australia with Covent Gardens Russian Ballet, Anton Dolin joins Ballet Theatre New York
1940-1943
de Valois company becomes The Royal Ballet at Covent Gardens & Sadler's Wells Opera Theatre Ballet.
1940-1946
Ballet House operating in Portland OR
1943
Vera Trefilova dies Paris (age 68)
1943-44: Anton Dolin in Portland OR on Ballet Theatre Tour
1945-1946
Dolin, Markova in Portland, OR with American Ballet Theater Tour
 Ninette de Valois invited to organize ballet school for the Turkish Government.
1947-1949
Sergei Dare has a dance store in LA while Maria studies & performs.  They marry in LA
1949
Anton Dolin returns to Great Britain & re-establishes Markova-Dolin Company
1950-1953
Korean War
1950
Vaslov Nijinski dies
Anton Dolin starts Festival Ballet of London (1950-1961)
The Ballet House reopens in Portland Oregon under direction of Sergei and Maria Dare,
1954
Portland Oregon has 5 leading studios: The Ballet House, Renoux Studio, Schumacher School,  Vasilieff, & Billings (?) Ballroom
1960
Mikhail Baryshnikov began ballet studies
1961
Rudolf Nureyev, defected in Paris while on tour with Kirov Ballet
1964
Mikhail Baryshnikov enters Vaganova School, in Leningrad (St. Petersburg)
1965
George Balanchine, age 61, stages & dances title role Don Quixote at New York City Ballet
1966-1973
Viet Nam War Escalation
1967
Serge Dare dies, age 82, Portland OR, Maria continues The Ballet House alone.
Mikhail Baryshnikov accepted to Kirov Ballet and Mariinsky Theater, danced the “Peasant” pas de deux in Giselle
1972
Bronislava Nijinska dies age 81
1974
Mikhail Baryshnikov defected, while on tour in Canada with the Bolshoi Ballet,  joined the Royal Winnipeg Ballet. 1974-1978 principal dancer with the American Ballet Theatre (ABT), as well as dancing with the New York City Ballet, with George Balanchine and as a regular guest artist with the Royal Ballet.
1978
Tamara Karsavina, dies UK age 93

1980
Mikhail Baryshnikov becomes artistic director for American Ballet Theatre, NY
1982
Commodore 64 Computer becomes the rage.  The 64 stood for bites not gigs.
1983
Anton Dolin dies almost age 80, in Paris
Balanchine dies almost age 80, in NY, leaving behind over 460 choreographic works
1989
Sergei Vladimirovich Polunin born in Kherson,[9] Ukrainian SSR. 
1991
Margot Fonteyn dies age 72 Panama
1993
Rudolf Nureyev dies age 55 Paris
1994
Micheal Somes dies age 77 England
1997
Alexandra Danilova, dies age 93, NY
Maria Dare dies age 86, Portland OR
2003
Sergei Polunin joins British Royal Ballet School at age 13
2004
Alicia Markova dies age 94 UK
2005
Baryshnikov Arts Center opened  New York
2009
George Zoritch dies age 92 Tucson Arizona
Sergei Pulnin becomes  first soloist at the Royal Ballet. left in 2012
2015
The Industrial Revolution ends.  A new unnamed era is at hand.
2015
Dance leaps into cyberspace
Sergei Pulnin video “Take Me To Church” inspires the world to dance.  Created by Pulnin & David LaChapelle, music by Hozier.  Pulnin has since set up Project Pulunin creating dance & ballet for stage & film, bringing together “dancers, contemporary artists, musicians and choreographers from various creative backgrounds to work together.”
Best Time for Dancing
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Page Updated 12 Dec 2017

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