England has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Amsbury in Wiltshire, England, is believed to be the oldest settlement in England, dating back to 8820 BC. Since then, layer upon layer of culture migrated into England. Briefly reviewed in this chapter:
The House of Wessex submitted to the onslaught. Cnut claimed the throne of England in 1016, and allowed the former Anglo-Saxon government to remain intact, managed by England’s former rulers. The Witan, or Witenagemot’s function was similar to the USA’s President’s Cabinet. Wulfward White was a member of Queen Edith’s Witan After the Norman Invasion, Wulfward White and other Anglo-Saxon Thanes/Thegns, lost most of their power and land holdings.
Solidification of the English Culture
3 English cultures developed: Land Based, City Based, and Ecclesiastic Hybrid. England’s nobility ruled the Land based culture and dominated; however, by the mid 1300’s, the Royal Cloak developed a Wool Lining. Royals in need of money turned to the wool market and wool merchants. This led to the rise of a middle class and the development of power among the City-Based culture, the occupationally titled men. A review of the origins of ship Mayflower Passengers suggests several were members from the City Based culture and among the upper strata of the occupationally titled men.