World

Event:

Ballet

Event:

1452-1455
Black Plague strikes London
1452-1519
Leonardo da Vinchi
1492
Columbus, Italian Explorer, sails to the Americas for Spain.
1519

Catherine de' Medici born in Florence, Italy,
1500-1600
Italian dance troupes perform at public festivities
in Turkey during this century.
1533
Catherine de Medici married King Henri II of France
1533
Ballet (a guy thing) comes to France from Italy with Catherine de Medici
1587
Virginia Dare born in Roanoke Colony now North Carolina USA (this Colony disappeared & known as the Lost Virginia Dare Colony)
1581
Catherine De Medici pleases son by requesting
first ballet presentation Le Ballet Comique de la Reine,
The Comic Ballet of the Queen,
1588
Spanish Armada attacked England but repelled by British Ships, many of whom belonged to English Merchants and Privateers.
1588
"Orchesography," pubished compiling
all dances in France,
1604
French claim America from about what is now Pennsylvania USA into Canada
1607
English Colonies Established in America
Jamestown now in Virginia USA
1607-1609
Popham Colony now in Maine USA (failed}
1620
Plymouth Colony now in Massachusetts USA
1629
Massachusetts Bay Colony now Mass. USA
1636
Harvard University established in Cambridge (Boston Mass.)
1659-1661
Massachusetts Bay Colony persecution of Quakers
1661
  Louis XIV of France establishes Royal Acad. Music & Dance.
1661: Pierre Beauchamp creates the 5 ballet positions..
  1680-1720
Golden Age of Piracy, Capt. Kidd (1645-1701) and Blackbeard the Pirate (1680-1718) roamed the seas until executed.
1681
First women permitted to perform in ballets, France.
1692
Salem Witch Trials in Mass. Bay Colony
1700 +
Beginning of Industrial Revolution
1703-1713
Queen Anne's War


1727
Jean-Georges Noverre born in Paris.
French dancer & balletmaster.
(29 April 1727 – 19 October 1810)
About 1743: Began performing professionally.
First to choreograph a ballet that tells a story. 
His birthday now observed as International Dance Day.
1738
  Jean Baptiste Lande (French) starts ballet in St. Petersburg Russia
1754-1763
French Indian War in New England's Interior
1754-1758
Noverre ballets created in France:
1754: Les Fêtes Chinoises & La Fontaine de jouvence (Paris);  1757: La Toilette de Vénus (Lyon);  1758: L’Impromptu du sentiment & La Mort d'Ajax (Lyon)
1758-60: Jean Georges Noverre publishes book
1761-1764
Noverre ballets created in Stuttgart, Germany:
1761: Alceste; 1762: La Mort d’Hercule & Psyché et l’Amour; 1763: Jason et Médée; 1764: Hypermnestre.
1767
Didelot born Stockholm, Sweden.
Charles-Louis Didelot (1767-1837) studied dance
with father at the Royal Theatre, then Paris and Bordeaux,
later studied with Noverre and Vertris.
Didelot made his debut in London dancing for Noverre.
1773
Moscow Orphanage sets up ballet classes.
1770-1774
Noverre ballets created in Wien/Vienna, Austria:
1770: Diane et Endymion;  1771: Le Judgement de Pâris, Roger et Bradamante;  1772: Agamemnon vengé, Iphigénie en Tauride; & Thésée; 1773: Acis et Galathée,  Adèle de Ponthieu & Alexandre et Campaspe de Larisse;  1774: Les Horaces et les Curiaces.
1775
Noverre ballets created in Italy: Renaud et Armide (Milan)
1775: Noverre appointed master des ballets of the Paris Opera at request of Queen Marie Antoinette.
1776 -
American Revolution
1776
Moscow Orphanage evolves into Moscow Ballet/Bolshoi
1787
  US Constitution approved.
Farmers Rebellion erupts in Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays an American Revolutionary War Captain.
1776-1788
Noverre ballets created in France:
1776: Apelle et Campaspe & Les Caprices de Galatée (Paris);  1778: Annette et Lubin (Paris), Les petits riens (Paris);  1781: Les Amours d'Énée et de Didon (Lyon);
1788: La Fête du Sérail (Paris)
1789- 1799
The French Revolution.
1792: France proclaimed a Republic
1793: French King Louis XVI executed
1788-1795
Noverre ballets created in London England:
1788: L’Amour et Psyché, La Fête de Tempé;  1789: Admète; 1794: La Bergère des Alpes, La Vittoria;  1795: Windsor Castle.
1801
Didelot became ballet master in St. Petersburg,
He reorganized the system of ballet instruction.
1811:He returned to Paris in 1811
1816: returned to Russia & continued  reforms.
1803
USA's Louisiana Purchase from France
1805-6
Lewis and Clark arrives Seaside Oregon and boils salt water.  Returns to tell the east, there is no Northwest Passage.
1811
John Jacob Astor sends fur trappers to Oregon coast, establishes Fort Astoria.
1812
War of 1812 between USA and British
1813-1818
Fort Astoria under British Conrtol
1818
Marius Petipa born France
Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa (11 Mar 1818 –  July] 1910)
French ballet dancer, teacher and choreographer.
Many of his works are the Classic Ballets of today including
Le Corsaire, Giselle, La Esmeralda, Coppélia, La Fille Mal Gardée (with Lev Ivanov), and Swan Lake (with Lev Ivanov).
1832
La Sylphide, France
1836
First wagon train organized in Independence, Missouri to travel the Oregon Trail.
1837
Didelot dies
1839
Petipa tours North America, then dances in Paris
1841
Giselle first performed in Paris,
with choreography by Jean Coralli and Jules Perrot
1845
Petipa studies Spanish Dance, Madrid
1847
Petipa arrives St. Petersbury Russia
1849
California Gold Rush
1850
Cecchetti born Italy
Enrico Cecchetti (21 June 1850, Rome – 13 November 1928, Milan) ballet dancer, mime, and renown teacher.  The son of two dancers from Civitanova Marche, he was born in the costuming room of the Teatro Tordinona in Rome. After dancing career in Europe, he then danced with the Imperial Ballet in St. Petersburg, Russia, becoming instructor 1887.  Taught Ballet Russe Company classes from 1910.
1859
Oregon becomes a State
1861-65
The American Civil War
1869
Don Quixote Ballet debut by the Imperial Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow, Russia, in four acts and eight scenes, choreographed by Marius Petipa, music by Ludwig Minkus.  Then expanded to five acts and eleven scenes for the Imperial Ballet Theatre of Moscow.
1872
Diaghilev born Russia
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (March 1872 – 19 August 1929), “a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes,” a company that spread ballet across the world.  see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_Diaghilev
1875
Vera Trefilova born in Vladikavkaz, Russia
1877
Swan Lake premiere
titled "The Lake of The Swans” at the Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow original choreographer Julius Reisinger.  It was a flop.

1880
Maryinsky Theatre of St. Petersburg, Russia, begins to incorporate ballet into performances. The theatre was in operation in 1860.  http://www.reference.com/browse/mariinsky+theatre
1881
Anna Pavlova born St. Petersburg,
1885
Tamara Karsavina born St. Petersburg, Russia
1889
Sergei Dare, born Illinois, USA
1890
Vaslov Nijinski born Russia
1890: Sleeping Beauty Ballet premiere at Mariinsky Theatre, choreographer: Marius Petipa.
1891
Bronislava Nijinska born Russia
1891: Pavlova joins Imperial Theatre
1892
The Nutcracker, choreographed by Marius Petipa at Imperial Theatre Russia
1893
First American automobile manufacturing company founded in USA by Charles and Frank Duryea; the Duryea Motor Wagon Company.
1894
Vera Trefilova joined the Maryinsky Theatre
1895
Swan Lake revived for Imperial Ballet at Maryinsky Theatre; re-choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivano. Tchaikovsky’s score was revised by Imperial Theatre's chief conductor/composer Riccardo Drigo.
1900-1916
V.Nijinsky Era
1900
Elinova Linden born Norway, her mother Whilimena E Linden was born 1869 in Norway while her father was born in Sweden.
1900: Don Quixote Ballet re-staged by by Alexander Gorsky for Bolshoi Theatre of Moscow and in 1902 for Imperial Ballet of St. Petersburg. Today's performances are based on this Gorsky version.
1901
  Vera Trefilova promoted to soloist Maryinsky Theatre
1903
Petipa retires, age 84, from Imperial Theatre
1904
George Balanchine born Russia
  1904: Anton Dolin born England,
1906
  Pavlova prima ballerina for Imperial Theatre
1906: Vera Trefilova prima ballerina Maryinsky Theatre
1908
1908: Elinova Linden immigrates to USA with mother
1909
Diaghilev Era begins
1909: Pavlova joins Diaghilev Company
1910
Petipa dies St. Petersburg
1910: Vera Trefilova resigned from Maryinsky Theatre
1910: Alicia Markova, born in London
1911
Pavlova joins Diaghilev Company
1911: Maria Dare born Portland Oregon,
1914-1918
World War I
1916
V. Nijinsky in prison during war.
1916: Balanchine, age 12 appears in corps for Don Quixote at Maryinsky Theatre

1916: Adolf Bolm arrives USA
1917
The Russian Revolution
1917
Vera Trefilova left Russia opening dance school in Paris
1917: George Zoritch, born Moscow
1917: Micheal Somes, born in England
1919
  Margot Fonteyn born UK
Dame Margot Fonteyn de Arias, DBE (18 May 1919 – 21 February 1991), born Reigate, Surrey, UK
1920-1929
Roaring 20's in USA Charleston becomes the rage. Hindu dance sweeps America tho it may look more like Rudi Vally than something from India
1921
Cecchetti dances in Sleeping Princess on his 50th anniversary as a dancer.
1921: Anton Dolin joins Diaghilev school
1921: Sergei Dare married Elinova Linden
1923-1926
Ninelle de Valois dances wi Diaghilev Co.
Dame Ninette de Valois,(6 June 1898 – 8 March 2001) Irish-born dancer, teacher, choreographer and director”the godmother of English ballet.”
1924
Dolin, Balanchine, join Diaghilev Co. Picasso paints Ballet Scenery
1925
Alicia Markova joins Diaghilev Co
age 14,
1926
Adolf Bolm has school in Chicago
1927
Lindberg solo flight lands Paris
1928
Cecchetti dies in Rome
1929
Oct: USA Stock Market Crash
1929
1929, Jan 27: Elinova Linden returns to New York from dance study in France; June: Elinova Linden performs at Lindendare School of Dance in Portland, OR
1929: Thamar Karsavina School of Dance offered Ballet, Toe, and Character in London
1629: Mme. Vera Trefilova School of Dance operating Paris, teaching Classic Ballet, Toe, and Character
1629: Diaghilev dies Venice
1930
The Great Depression begins
1930
Anton Dolin comes to USA with International Review tour.
1931
  Anna Pavlova dies while on tour in The Hague, Netherlands.
1931: Alexandra Danilova 1st time America
1931: de Valois teams with Baylis and puts a company of 6 dancers on the Sadler's Wells Theatre stage England (evolves into Royal Ballet)
1932
"New Deal" begins USA (public works projects to reboot economy)
1932
Alicia Markova joins Vic Wells Ballet England
1933
Balanchine comes to New York, starts Ballet Society that becomes New York City Ballet
1933: Maria Boehme (Dare) and Marcelle Renoux study and perform with Lindendare School of Dance, Portland
1934-1939
Sergie Dare taught in Denver Colorado as Sergei Volinoff.  Guest artists & instructors included Mme. Elinova Linden and Maria Boehme.
1935
Anton Dolin and Alicia Markova start Markova-Dolin Co. touring England
1935: Frederic Ashton joins company that becomes England's Royal Ballet, England
1935: George Zoritch joins the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo
1938
Bronsislava Nijinska starts ballet school in Los Angeles CA (Maria Dare studies with B. Nijinska a few years later.)
1939
Rudolf Nureyev born Irkutsk, Siberia
1939-1945
World War II
1939: Anton Dolin becomes premier danseur Covent Gardens Russian Ballet; after July appearance in Australia with Covent Gardens Russian Ballet, Anton Dolin joins Ballet Theatre New York
1940
Anton Dolin moves to USA
1940-1943: de Valois company becomes The Royal Ballet at Covent Gardens & Sadler's Wells Opera Theatre Ballet.
1940-1946: Ballet House operating in Portland Oregon. Sergei Dare & Maria offer summer workshops at The Ballet House Portland OR at the “Old Old Studio.”
1943
Vera Trefilova dies Paris (age 68)
  1943-44: Anton Dolin in Portland OR on Ballet Theatre Tour
1945
1945-1946: Dolin, Markova in Portland, OR with American Ballet Theater Tour
1945-1946: Ninette de Valois invited to organize ballet school for the Turkish Government.
1947
1947-1949: Sergei Dare has a dance store in LA while Maria studies and performs.  They marry in LA
1948
Nikolaevich Baryshnikov born 27 January 1948 in Riga (then Russia now Latvia)
Ballet instruction begins at State Conservatory, Turkey,
1949
Anton Dolin returns to Great Britain & re-establishes Markova-Dolin Company
1950-1953
Korean War
1950
Vaslov Nijinski dies
1950: The Ballet House reopens in Portland Oregon under direction of Sergei and Maria Dare, the "Old Studio," the same building only 1 floor up.
1950: Anton Dolin starts Festival Ballet of London (1950-1961)
1954: Portland Oregon has 5 leading studios: The Ballet House, Renoux Studio, Schumacher School,  Vasilieff, & Billings (?) Ballroom.
1960
Mikhail Baryshnikov began ballet studies
1961
Rudolf Nureyev, defected in Paris while on tour with Kirov Ballet Co.
1964
Mikhail Baryshnikov entered Vaganova School, in Leningrad (St. Petersburg)
1965
George Balanchine at age 61 stages and dances title role Don Quixote at New York City Ballet
1966-1973
Viet Nam War Escalation
1967
Serge Dare dies age 82, Portland OR, Maria continues The Ballet House alone.
1969
Apollo 11 crew land on the moon.
1967: Mikhail Baryshnikov accepted to Kirov Ballet and Mariinsky Theater, danced the “Peasant” pas de deux in Giselle
1972
Bronislava Nijinska dies age 81,
1974
Mikhail Baryshnikov defected, while on tour in Canada with the Bolshoi Ballet,  joined the Royal Winnipeg Ballet. 1974-1978 principal dancer with the American Ballet Theatre (ABT), as well as dancing with the New York City Ballet, with George Balanchine and as a regular guest artist with the Royal Ballet.
1978
Tamara Karsavina, dies UK (age 93)
1980
Mikhail Baryshnikov became artistic director for American Ballet Theatre, NY
1983
Anton Dolin dies almost age 80, in Paris
1982
The Commodore 64 Computer becomes the rage.  The 64 stood for bites not gigs.
1983: Balanchine dies almost age 80, in NY, leaving behind over 460 choreographic works.
1991
Margot Fonteyn dies age 72 Panama
1993
Rudolf Nureyev dies age 55 Paris
1994
Micheal Somes dies age 77 England
1997
Maria Dare dies at age 86, Portland OR
2004
Alicia Markova dies age 94 UK
2005
  Baryshnikov Arts Center opened in New York http://bacnyc.org/
2009
Obama elected President of USA
2009
George Zoritch dies age 92 Tucson Arizona
2015
The Industrial Revolution ends.  A new unnamed era is at hand.
2020
2020 New mix of modern, jazz & ballet rockets to the stage. The old traditions are revived. The ballet class becomes a form of fitness for all ages. People dance for the love of dancing. People at the North Pole take classes via internet while those in big cities, guided by their phones, practice while standing in line. It's smashing!
OR
Ballet is just another entry on the competition list. Another chance to rack up a trophy.
OR
It's up to you to write this era!

When Then Was Now

What Was The World Doing While We Were Dancing?

Italy
UK
USA
France
Russia
Page Updated:  1 Feb 2015
by Rozanne of zandance.com
Contact: info@zandance.com
Compiled by Rozanne of zandance